The COVID-19 pandemic has brought to light the importance of the logistics sector not only to for the guaranteeing of the supply chain and basic products for the population, but also to supply hospitals, health centers or spaces prepared to care for patients infected with the virus. Thanks to an efficient, combined and harmonious logistics planning, it has been possible to cope much better with the difficult health, social and economic situation derived from the pandemic. At the same time, electronic commerce has exploded. It has now ceased to be a world restricted to young people and has incorporated other segments of the population such as groups of mature ages, for whom the acquisition of products or services through the internet has been a great help in the current difficult situation. All this has only confirmed something that was already known: the consolidation of logistics as an essential sector in the economy and even as a fundamental activity to ensure the exit from the economic crisis created after the outbreak of the pandemic.
Logistics is currently a fundamental part of the machinery that drives economic activity. Marketing campaigns or product design are useless if there is no detailed planning from suppliers to customers, optimal transport and distribution routes that ensure both good service and the reduction of pollution and environmental impact, as well as contingency plans for events of any magnitude, as we have experienced with this pandemic.
But for logistics to really become a key factor in the economy to come, technology will be essential. In this area, there are new concepts such as sensorization, the Internet of Things and connectivity between the different elements. All this integration will reinforce automation and will lead to an increase in efficiency and productivity, two fundamental aspects to consolidate the importance of logistics in the current context.
The emergence of 5G must also be taken into account, the fifth generation of mobile communications, a great technological advance that will have a positive impact on logistics thanks to the rapid data transfer it will provide and that will allow it to be managed optimally and the supply chain reducing operating costs. It will also benefit transport where a world of possibilities opens up, such as the choice of routes in real time or the use of driverless vehicles or drones that will be a great step forward to improve efficiency and achieve sustainability.